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alspac_08_ysd16yo
Your Daughter 16+ Years On
All answers are confidential
This questionnaire is for the study teenager's mother or the person taking the role of the mother.
FILLING IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE
Please use black pen. To answer questions simply put a cross in the box which is most accurate in your opinion,
If you make a mistake, shade the box in then cross the correct box.
If you are answering questions which ask you to give further details, please make sure you write inside the boxes.
If you do not want to answer a question or if it does not apply to you, leave it blank. There are no right or wrong answers. Just tell us what is true for you.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP
Section A: Your Study Teenager

How much time do you usually spend having a conversation with her?

1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day

How much time does your husband/partner or someone else usually spend having a conversation with her? (Mark one box only).

1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day

How much time do you usually spend doing things with her (e.g. playing sports or going out)? (Mark one box only).

1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day

How much time does your husband/partner or someone else usually spend doing things with her (e.g. playing sports or going out)? (Mark one box only).

1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day
When she went out during the last year, how often did you know:
-

1 - Always

2 - Usually

3 - Sometimes

4 - Never

What she was doing in her spare time?
Where she was going?
Who she was going out with?
What time she would be home?
How sure are you that she would ask your permission first if she wanted to:
-

1 - Very sure

2 - Fairly sure

3 - Fairly unsure

4 - Very unsure

Stay out late on a weekday evening (after 10pm)?
Stay out late on a weekend evening (after 10pm)?
Go to a disco or club after 10pm at the weekend?
Supposing that she did stay out really late, how sure are you that she would tell you truthfully where she had been?

How often does she tell you about: Things that happen at school/ college/work?

1
Often
2
Sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never

How often does she tell you about: What she has been doing while she's been out?

1
Often
2
Sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never
During the past year, how often have you done each of these things?
-

1 - Often

2 - Sometimes

3 - Hardly ever

4 - Never

Asked her about things that happened at school/college/work
Started a conversation with her about what she was doing in her spare time
Talked with her friends
Talked with the parents of her friends

Does she share her feelings and worries with you?

1
Yes, always
2
Yes, sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never

Do you think she likes to be with you?

1
Yes, always
2
Yes, sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never
Most parents argue with their children. How often do you argue with her about each of these things? (Mark one box on every line).
-

1 - Most days

2 - At least once a week

3 - Less than once a week

4 - Never or hardly ever

How tidy her room is
What she does when she goes out
What time she comes home
Who she hangs about with
About her clothes or appearance
Getting up in the morning
Smoking cigarettes
Drinking alcohol
Taking drugs or smoking cannabis
Doing household chores

Most parents argue with their children. How often do you argue with her about each of these things? Other reason (please mark box and describe below):

1
Most days
2
At least once a week
3
Less than once a week
4
Never or hardly ever
Other

How often do you give up when you ask her to do something and she doesn't do it?

1
Always
2
Usually
3
Sometimes
4
Never
When you disagree about things with her, how often:
-

1 - Always

2 - Usually

3 - Sometimes

4 - Never

Do you discuss it calmly?
Does she listen to your point of view?
Do you listen to her point of view?
Do you just tell her to accept what you say?

How often does she get into a real rage? (Mark one box only).

1
More than once a day
2
Most days
3
At least once a week
4
Less than once a week
5
Never
If never, go to A14 on a week page 8
qc_A11 == 5
Else
Why do you think she has these rages?
-

1 - Yes

2 - No

9 - Don't know

Failure to get what she wants
Failure to make herself understood
She feels that no-one understands her
Reaction to being corrected
She rejects everything
Failure to get attention
Feeling that a brother or sister gets preferential treatment
She just doesn't know what she wants
No particular reason
As a negative reaction to someone

Why do you think she has these rages? Other reason (please mark and describe)

1
Yes
2
No
9
Don't know
Other
When she has rages or tantrums how often do you:
-

1 - Always

2 - Often

3 - Sometimes

4 - Never

Ignore it, let her get it out of her system?
Ask her to go to her room?
Try to calm/pacify her?
Try to reason with her?
Threaten her?
Say hurtful things you regret later?
Say hurtful things and mean it?
Ask someone else to intervene?
Slap or hit her?
Try to distract her?
Shout at her?

When she has rages or tantrums how often do you: Something else? (please mark and describe):

1
Always
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Never
Other
Some questions on discipline.

Who has most control over her? (Please mark one box only.)

1
I do
2
My husband/partner does
3
Someone else does (please say who below):
4
No-one does
Other

Who usually tells her off? (Please mark one box only.)

1
I do
2
My husband/partner does
3
Someone else does (please say who below):
4
No-one does
Other

Who usually tries to put sanctions on her if necessary? (Please mark one box only.)

1
I do
2
My husband/partner does
3
Someone else does (please say who below):
4
No-one does
Other
How often do you punish her in these ways?
-

1 - Most days

2 - At least once a week

3 - Less than once a week

4 - Never or hardly ever

Tell her off
'Ground' her or stop her going out
Stop her pocket money
Stop her from seeing friends
Hit or slap her
Tell her to get out of the house, or lock her out

How often do you punish her in these ways? Punish her some other way (please describe below):

1
Most days
2
At least once a week
3
Less than once a week
4
Never or hardly ever
Other

Do you know who her friends are?

1
Yes, some
2
Yes, most or all
3
No

Are her friends:

1
Mostly boys?
2
Mostly girls?
3
Mixture?
9
Don't know

Does she have a 'best friend'?

1
Yes
2
No
9
Don't know

How many evenings a week does she see her friends? (Mark one box only).

0
None
1
One
2
Two
3
Three
4
Four
5
Five
6
Six
7
Seven

Does she have a romantic relationship? (Mark one box only).

1
Yes, with a girl
2
Yes, with a boy
3
No, not yet
If yes,
qc_A19_a == 1 || qc_A19_a == 2

How many evenings a week does she see her boy/girl friend?

0
Less than one
1
One
2
Two
3
Three
4
Four
5
Five
6
Six
7
Seven
Section B: Things Your Teenager Does
The next set of questions are about your teenager's intake of alcohol and drugs, and also her smoking and anti-social behaviour. We realise that these may not be relevant or be difficult to answer, but we would be grateful if you can answer as many as possible, even if you feel you don't really know. We would like to understand if there is a difference between what teenagers say they do and what parents (in general) know.
Has she ever been offered: (Mark one box on each line).
-

1 - Yes, and I know about it

2 - Probably

3 - Possibly

4 - I don't think so

9 - Don't know

Alcohol?
Cigarettes?
Cannabis?
Ecstasy?
Other illicit drugs?
Has she ever tried: (Mark one box on each line).
-

1 - Yes, and I know about it

2 - Probably

3 - Possibly

4 - I don't think so

9 - Don't know

Alcohol?
Cigarettes?
Cannabis?
Ecstasy?
Other illicit drugs?
If you answered yes (first column), to any of the previous question B2(a)-(e), please answer the following question B3. Otherwise skip to B4 below.
qc_B2_a-e == 1
What age was she when she tried them? (Please put 99 if you don't know)
-
Age in years
Alcohol
Cigarettes
Cannabis
Ecstasy
Other illicit drugs
How often in the last year has she: (Mark one box on each line)
-

1 - Not at all

2 - Just once

3 - 2-5 times

4 - 6 or more times

9 - Don't know

Travelled on a bus or train without paying enough money or using someone else's pass?
Written things or sprayed paint on property?
Stolen something from a shop or store?
Sold an illegal drug to someone?
Ridden in a stolen car or van or on a stolen motorbike?
Broken into a car or van to try and steal something out of it?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Ignored them on purpose or left them out of things?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Said nasty things, slagged them off or called them names?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Threatened to hurt them?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Hit, spat or threw stones at them?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Got other people to do the things listed above in (i) to (iv)?
Broken into a house or building to try and steal something?
Hit, kicked or punched a brother or sister on purpose?
Hit, kicked or punched someone else on purpose with the intention of really hurting them?
Deliberately damaged or destroyed property on purpose?
Sold something that didn't belong to her or that she knew was stolen?
Stolen any money or property that someone was holding, carrying or wearing at the time?
Used force, threats or a weapon to steal money or something else from somebody?
Hit or picked on someone because of their race or skin colour?
Hurt or injured animals or birds on purpose?
Set fire or tried to set fire to something on purpose?
Carried a knife or other weapon for protection or in case it was needed in a fight?
Been rowdy or rude in a public place so that people complained or she got into trouble?
Stolen money or something else from school/college/work?
Stolen money or something else from home?

Has she ever run away from home?

1
Yes
2
No, but has tried to
3
No, but has thought of doing so
4
No, never
9
Don't know
Section C: Your Teenager's Activities and Interests
Now some questions about what she does in her free time. On a day when she does any of the things below, about how long altogether does she usually spend?
-

1 - Under 30 mins

2 - 30 mins - 1 hour

3 - 1-2 hours

4 - 2-4 hours

5 - 4-6 hours

6 - Over 6 hours

7 - Never

Reading a book (not a school/college book)
Reading a comic or magazine
Watching TV on Saturdays
Watching TV on Sundays
Watching TV on a weekday
Watching a DVD/video
Listening to music
Playing a computer or video game
Using a computer for school/college work
Using the internet for nonschool/ college work activities
Talking on the phone
Sending text (SMS) messages
How often does she go to these places in her spare time?
-

1 - At least once a week

2 - At least once a month

3 - Hardly ever or never

Go shopping
Go out for something to eat
Go to the cinema, theatre or concerts
Go to an amusement arcade
Go to watch football or other sports
Go to discos, nightclubs or raves

Does she go to any youth clubs, groups or sports centres in the evening or at weekends?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to C4 on page 18
If yes,
qc_C3 == 1

How often does she usually go out to youth, sports clubs or groups?

1
Most evenings
2
At least once a week
3
Less than once a week
4
Hardly ever or never
What kind of club or group does she go to? (Mark as many boxes as you need to).
-

1 - Yes

A youth club or group
A sports club or sports centre
Keep fit, aerobics or dancing classes
Music club or group
Drama club

What kind of club or group does she go to? (Mark as many boxes as you need to). Another kind of club or group (please state)

1
Yes
Other
If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do?
-

1 - Yes

Tennis
Swimming
Wrestling
Gymnastics

If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do? Martial arts (please state):

1
Yes
Other
If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do?
-

1 - Yes

Football
Boxing (including kickboxing)
Netball
Weight training
Hockey

If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do? Other (please state)

1
Yes
Other

Are adults in charge of the clubs she goes to?

1
Yes, always
2
Yes, sometimes
3
No

Who in your family knows most about computers and how to use them?

1
Me
2
My partner
3
Study teenager
4
Teenager's brother
5
Teenager's sister
6
No difference
9
Don't know/can't say
For which of the following activities does she use the internet?
-

1 - Often

2 - Occasionally

3 - Rarely

9 - I don't know

Social networking (e.g. Bebo, MySpace, Facebook)
Instant messaging 'Chat' (e.g. MSN)
Watching video (e.g. YouTube)
Researching homework
E-mail using her own e-mail address
E-mail using a family e-mail address
Playing games
Downloading music from commercial sites (e.g. iTunes)
Downloading pirated music (e.g. via LimeWire or BitTorrent)
Which of the following have you ever done to manage her internet use?
-

1 - Not done this

2 - Yes, once

3 - Yes, more than once

Checked her files or folders on a computer for content
Restricted the amount of time she is allowed online
Accessed her e-mail or other account without her knowledge
Accessed her e-mail or other account with her knowledge
Restricted the type of activities she is allowed to use on the internet
Restricted use of a social networking site (e.g. Bebo)
Viewed her profile on a social networking site without her knowledge
Asked for a password to access a computer or folder
Installed filtering software to restrict access to certain types of sites
Installed monitoring software on a computer
Examined browsing history or cache
Monitored her mobile telephone records
Examined the content of her phone (e.g. text messages or photographs) without her knowledge or consent
Section D: Your Teenager's Feelings
Please think how your teenager has been in the past 6 months.

In the past six months: She has been considerate of other people's feelings

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has been restless, overactive, cannot stay still for long

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has often complained of headaches, stomach aches or sickness

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has shared readily with other children and teenagers

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has often had temper tantrums or hot tempers

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is rather solitary, tends to be alone

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is generally obedient, usually does what adults request

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has many worries, often seems worried

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is helpful if someone is hurt, upset or feeling ill

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is constantly fidgeting or squirming

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has at least one good friend

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She often fights or bullies other children or teenagers

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is often unhappy, down-hearted or tearful

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is generally liked by others

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is easily distracted, her concentration wanders

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is nervous or clingy in new situations, easily loses confidence

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is kind to younger children

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She often lies or cheats

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She is picked on or bullied by other teenagers

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She often volunteers to help others (parents, teachers, other teenagers)

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She thinks things out before acting

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She steals from home, school or elsewhere

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She gets on better with adults than with other teenagers

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She has many fears, is easily scared

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know

In the past six months: She sees tasks through to the end, has good attention span

1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
These questions are about how your child may have been feeling or acting recently. For each question, please say how much you think she has felt or acted this way in the past two weeks.

In the past 2 weeks: She felt miserable or unhappy

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She didn't enjoy anything at all

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She felt so tired that she just sat around and did nothing

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She was very restless

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She felt she was no good any more

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She cried a lot

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She found it hard to think properly or concentrate

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She hated herself

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She felt she was a bad person

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She felt lonely

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She thought nobody really loved her

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She thought she could never be as good as others

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

In the past 2 weeks: She felt she did everything wrong

1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
How much do the following descriptions apply to your study teenager?
-

1 - Not true

2 - Quite or sometimes true

3 - Very or often true

Not aware of other people's feelings
Does not realise when others are upset or angry
Does not notice the effect of her behaviour on other members of the family
Her behaviour often disrupts normal family life
Very demanding of other people's time
Difficult to reason with when upset
Does not seem to understand social skills, e.g. interrupts conversations constantly
Does not pick up on body language
Does not understand how she should behave when she is out, e.g. in shops or other people's houses
Does not realise that she offends people with her behaviour
Does not respond when told to do something
Cannot follow a command unless it is carefully worded

How much do the following descriptions apply to your study teenager? Over the last 6 months: Do you have any other comments or concerns?

1
Yes
2
No
If yes,
qc_D39_m == 1

please mark and describe:

Other
Life has many ups and downs. Sometimes people feel very upset. These feelings can be so bad that people may feel suicidal or want to self-harm. We know this is a sensitive subject, but it is important to ask about it now, as it is not uncommon. By finding out about self-harm we can find ways of helping people.

Has your daughter ever hurt herself on purpose in any way that you are aware of (e.g. by taking an overdose of pills, or by cutting herself)?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section E on page 27
If yes,
qc_D40_a == 1

How many times has she done this in the last year? Please mark one box only.

1
Once
2
2-5 times
3
6-10 times
4
More than 10 times

When was the last time she hurt herself on purpose? Please mark one box only.

1
In the last week
2
More than a week ago but in the last year
3
More than a year ago
The last time she hurt herself on purpose, which of the actions below best describes what she did? Please mark all boxes that apply.
-

1 - Yes

Swallowed pills or something poisonous
Cut herself
Burnt herself, e.g. with a cigarette

The last time she hurt herself on purpose, which of the actions below best describes what she did? Please mark all boxes that apply. Something else, please say what:

1
Yes
Other
The last time she hurt herself on purpose did she or you on her behalf seek medical help / first aid from any of the following? Please mark all boxes that apply.
-

1 - Yes

GP (family doctor)
Hospital casualty / emergency department

The last time she hurt herself on purpose did she or you on her behalf seek medical help / first aid from any of the following? Please mark all boxes that apply. Other health professional, please say what their job was:

1
Yes
Other

Have you ever tried to get help from someone or somewhere about your daughter hurting herself on purpose?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section E on page 27
If yes,
qc_D41_a == 1
Who have you been to for help? Please mark all boxes that apply.
-

1 - Yes

A family member
A friend
A staff member in her school/college/work
A GP (family doctor)
Social services
A telephone help line
if so,
qc_D41_b_i-vi$1;6 == 1

which?

Other

Who have you been to for help? Please mark all boxes that apply. Somewhere else (e.g. internet, book, magazine, other person, etc.), please say what or who:

1
Yes
Other
You can get information and advice relating to any of the questions by contacting the organisations below:
www.selfharm.org.uk run by National Children's Bureau
Young Minds Parents information service 0800 018 2138 10-4 Mon to Fri and 6-8 Wed
Parentline Plus Bristol 0117 953 5525
Section E: Your Teenager's Eating Patterns

What is her height at the moment (without shoes)? The best way to measure height is to stand barefoot as straight as possible against a wall, and then ask someone to make a mark on the wall at the highest point on your head, and to measure the distance from the mark to the floor ... feet ... inches ... OR ... metres ... centimetres

Feet
Inches in foot
Metres
9
don't know
Centimetres in Metre

What is her weight at the moment (without shoes)? Please fill in using kilos or stones. stones ... pounds ... OR ... kilos

Stones
Pounds in stone
Kilograms
9
don't know

What was her lowest weight in the last 12 months? Please fill in using kilos or stones. stones ... lbs ... OR ... kilos

Stones
Pounds in stone
Kilograms
9
don't know

What was her highest weight in the last 12 months? Please fill in using kilos or stones. stones ... lbs ... OR ... kilos

Stones
Pounds in stone
Kilograms
9
don't know

At present would you describe her as:

1
Very thin
2
Thin
3
Average
4
Plump
5
Fat

How do you feel she compares this year with previous years?

1
Thinner in previous years
2
About the same
3
A little thinner this year
4
A lot thinner this year
5
Less thin than in previous years

At present would she describe herself as:

1
Very thin
2
Thin
3
Average
4
Plump
5
Fat

Have you or other people (e.g. family, friend, a doctor) been seriously concerned that her weight has been bad for her physical health?

1
Yes
2
No

Is she afraid of gaining weight or getting fat?

1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
4
It really terrifies her

Does she avoid the sorts of food that she thinks will make her fat?

1
No
2
A little
3
A lot

How often does she avoid fattening food?

1
Never
2
Sometimes
3
Most of the time
4
Always

Does she spend a lot of her time thinking about food?

1
Yes
2
No
9
Don't know

Sometimes people say that they have such a strong desire for food, and that this desire is so hard to resist, that it is like what an addict feels about drugs or alcohol. Does this apply to her?

1
No
2
A little
3
A lot

Sometimes people lose control over what they eat, and then they eat a very large amount of food in a short time. Does she ever do this?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to E12 on page 30
If yes,
qc_E11_a == 1

Over the last 3 months, how often has this happened?

1
Hasn't happened
2
Occasionally
3
About once a week
4
Two or more times a week

When this happens, does she have a sense of losing control over her eating?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Not sure

Please describe how much she typically eats during one of her episodes of eating too much:

Generic text
Over the last 3 months, has she done any of the following to avoid putting on weight?
-

1 - No

2 - A little

3 - A lot

4 - Tried to but not allowed

9 - Don't know

Ate less at mealtimes
Skipped meals
Went without food for long periods, e.g. all day or most of the day
Hid or threw away food that others gave her
Exercised more
Made herself sick

Over the last 3 months, has she done any of the following to avoid putting on weight? Took pills or medication in order to lose weight: (Please mark & describe what she took)

1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
4
Tried to but not allowed
9
Don't know
Generic text

Over the last 3 months, has she done any of the following to avoid putting on weight? Did other things: (Please mark & describe what she does)

1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
4
Tried to but not allowed
9
Don't know
Other

If she eats too much, does she blame herself a lot?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Never eats too much

Is she upset or distressed about her weight or body shape?

1
No, not at all
2
Yes, a little
3
Yes, quite a lot
4
Yes, a great deal
9
Don't know
How much do you think her eating pattern or concern about weight and body shape has interfered with:
-

1 - Not at all

2 - A little

3 - Quite a lot

4 - A great deal

How well she gets on with you and the rest of the family.
Making and keeping friends.
Learning or class work.
Hobbies, sports or other leisure activities.

If a doctor told her that she needed to put on 5 pounds (2 kilos) for the sake of her health, how would she find this? She may have a physical problem that makes it hard for her to put on weight. Here we are asking if she is willing to try, not whether she can succeed.

1
Easy
2
Difficult
3
Impossible

Has her eating pattern or concern about weight or body shape put a burden on you or the family as a whole?

1
Not at all
2
A little
3
Quite a lot
4
A great deal

Has she ever thought she was fat even when other people said she was very thin?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know

Would she be ashamed if other people knew how much she eats?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know

Has she ever deliberately made herself sick?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know

Do worries about eating really interfere with her life?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know

Does she think her weight has been bad for her physical health?

1
Yes
2
No

If she has started her regular periods, have there been any months when the period didn't happen at all?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know
4
Hasn't started her periods yet
If yes,
qc_E20_a == 1

Has she had any periods in the last 3 months?

1
Yes
2
No
Section F: Your Teenager's Health

Has she ever had wheezing or whistling in the chest at any time in the past?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F5 below
qc_F1 == 2
Else

Has she had wheezing or whistling in the chest in the past 12 months?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F5 below
If yes,
qc_F2_a == 1

How many attacks of wheezing has she had in the past 12 months?

1
None
2
1 to 3
3
4 to 12
4
More than 12

In the past 12 months, how often, on average has her sleep been disturbed due to wheezing?

1
Never woken with wheezing
2
Less than one night per week
3
One or more nights per week

In the past 12 months, has the wheezing ever been severe enough to limit her speech to only one or two words at a time between breaths?

1
Yes
2
No

Has she ever had asthma?

1
Yes
2
No

In the past 12 months, has her chest sounded wheezy during or after exercise?

1
Yes
2
No

In the past 12 months, has she had a dry cough at night, apart from a cough associated with a cold or chest infection?

1
Yes
2
No
These questions are about problems which occur when she DOES NOT have a cold or the 'flu.

Has she ever had a problem with sneezing, or a runny or blocked nose when she DID NOT have a cold or the 'flu?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F9 on page 35
qc_F8_a == 2
Else

In the past 12 months, has she had a problem with sneezing, or a runny or blocked nose when she DID NOT have a cold or 'flu?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F9 on page 35
qc_F8_b == 2
Else

In the past 12 months, has this nose problem been accompanied by itchy-watery eyes?

1
Yes
2
No
In which of the past 12 months, did this nose problem occur?
-

1 - Yes

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

In the past 12 months, how much did this nose problem interfere with her daily activities?

1
Not at all
2
A little
3
A moderate amount
4
A lot

Has she ever had hayfever?

1
Yes
2
No

Has she ever had an itchy rash which was coming and going for at least six months?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F11 on page 36.
If yes,
qc_F10 == 1

Has she had this itchy rash at any time in the past 12 months?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F11 on page 36.
qc_F10_a == 2
Else
In the past 12 months was the rash: (Mark all that apply).
-

1 - Yes

Confined to the creases of the knees/ankles/elbows or wrists
Covering the trunk
Affecting the face

Has this rash cleared completely at any time during the past 12 months?

1
Yes
2
No

In the past 12 months, how often on average, has she been kept awake at night by this itchy rash?

1
Never in the past 12 months
2
Less than one night per week
3
One or more nights per week

Has she ever had eczema?

1
Yes
2
No

Have there been times in the past year, when she has had a pain in her stomach?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F13a) on page 37.
If yes,
qc_F12_a == 1

How many separate times has this happened in the past year?

1
Once
2
Twice
3
3-4 Times
4
5 or more times
9
Don't know

Did she have vomiting or diarrhoea at the same time as the pain?

1
Yes, every time
2
Yes, for some of the times
3
No, not at all
What do you think were the causes of her stomach pains? (Mark all that apply).
-

1 - Yes

Something she ate
An infection
Constipation

What do you think were the causes of her stomach pains? (Mark all that apply). Other, please describe:

1
Yes
Other

What do you think were the causes of her stomach pains? (Mark all that apply). Don't know

1
Yes

Does she often have aches and pains in her arms or legs?

1
Yes, arm(s)
2
Yes, leg(s)
3
Yes, both
4
No, not often
If no, go to F14 below
If yes,
qc_F13_a == 1 || qc_F13_a == 2 || qc_F13_a == 3

Does this happen especially when she is tired?

1
Yes
2
No

Thinking back over the last month, has she been feeling tired or felt she had no energy?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section G on page 39
If yes,
qc_F14 == 1

Do you know why she has been feeling like this?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section G on page 39
If yes,
qc_F14_a == 1
What are the main reasons she has been feeling tired or felt she had no energy?
-

1 - Yes

Illness
Problems with sleep
Playing a lot of sport (or other physical exercise)
Stress or worry

What are the main reasons she has been feeling tired or felt she had no energy? Other reason (please give details below):

1
Yes
Other

How long has she been feeling tired or felt she had no energy? (Mark one only).

1
Less than 3 months
2
Between 3 and 5 months
3
Between 6 months and 5 years
4
More than 5 years

Does she feel better after resting?

1
Not at all
2
Only a bit
3
Definitely better

During the last month, has this tiredness or lack of energy stopped her from playing, taking part in hobbies, sport or leisure activities?

1
Not at all
2
Only a little
3
Quite a lot
4
A great deal

During the past year, how many days has she been off school/college/work because of this tiredness or lack of energy? (If none, write 00) ... days

How many

Has she seen a doctor in the past year because of this tiredness or lack of energy?

1
Yes
2
No
Section G: Your Teenager's Future

What are your aspirations for your daughter's future job? Please mark one box to show which best describes the sort of work you would like to see her doing eventually.

1
Higher professional occupations such as: accountant - lawyer - doctor - engineer - solicitor - scientist -academic - managing directors - actuarial - investment bankers
2
Lower professional occupations such as: teacher - nurse - manager - senior administrator (usually responsible for planning, organising and co-ordinating work and for finance)
3
Intermediate / Technical such as: IT specialist - electronic technician - medical technician - clerical officer - legal secretaries
4
Skilled manual workers such as: plumbers - electricians - plasterers - roofers - forestry workers - gardeners - farm hands - hairdressers
5
Small business employers / Self-employed such as: small business owners - farmers - builders - driving instructors - shopkeepers - hairdressers
6
Lower supervisory such as: secretaries - administrative - foreman - bar manager - restaurant manager - retail manager
7
Routine manual and non-manual such as: van driver - cleaner - porter - packer - sewing machinist - shop worker - labourer - waitress - bar staff

What are your expectations for your daughter's future job? Please mark one box to show which best describes the sort of work you think she will end up doing.

1
Higher professional occupations such as: accountant - lawyer - doctor - engineer - solicitor - scientist -academic - managing directors - actuarial - investment bankers
2
Lower professional occupations such as: teacher - nurse - manager - senior administrator (usually responsible for planning, organising and co-ordinating work and for finance)
3
Intermediate / Technical such as: IT specialist - electronic technician - medical technician - clerical officer - legal secretaries
4
Skilled manual workers such as: plumbers - electricians - plasterers - roofers - forestry workers - gardeners - farm hands - hairdressers
5
Small business employers / Self-employed such as: small business owners - farmers - builders - driving instructors - shopkeepers - hairdressers
6
Lower supervisory such as: secretaries - administrative - foreman - bar manager - restaurant manager - retail manager
7
Routine manual and non-manual such as: van driver - cleaner - porter - packer - sewing machinist - shop worker - labourer - waitress - bar staff
Section H: Your Teenager and Money

How much do you give your 16-year old in pocket money/allowance each month? If it varies, please mark the amount you would most often give in a month. If you normally give pocket money weekly, please calculate how much the monthly amount is by multiplying the weekly amount by 4.

1
Nothing
2
Less than £10
3
£10-£29
4
£30-£49
5
£50-£69
6
£70-£89
7
£90-£109
8
£110-£129
9
£130+
What does she do with her pocket money/allowance? Please mark all that apply.
-

1 - Yes

Spends it all immediately
Saves towards big items for herself now (e.g. expensive clothes or games)
Saves in a savings account
Saves towards expected costs of adult life (e.g. educational fees, car, house)
Section I: Your teenager and work
We are interested in whether your daughter works or not, and the type of work she does.

Is she in full-time education?

1
Yes
2
No
If yes, go to I2 below
qc_l1 == 1

Does she ever do any work in a spare-time paid job in term-time (even if it's only for an hour or two now and then)? Please don't include jobs only done during the school holidays or voluntary work.

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to I3 below
qc_I1 == 2
Is she currently? (You can mark more than one box).
-

1 - Yes

Unemployed and seeking work
Unemployed through sickness/disability
Doing voluntary work
Working part-time
Working full-time
If yes,
qc_I2 == 1 || qc_I3_a-e$1;4 == 1 || qc_I3_a-e$1;5 == 1

What is her current job title?

Generic text

When did she start her current job?

Generic date

Please describe the main things she does in this job.

Generic text
Now go to I5 on page 43

In the past, has she had any paid jobs?

1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section J on the back page
If yes, go to I6 below
qc_I5 == 1
Please fill in as much information for all of the jobs she has had in the past.
From To Job title and the main things she did
Generic dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric date Generic dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric date Generic dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric date
1
2
3
Section J:
This questionnaire was completed by: (mark all that apply)
-

1 - Yes

teenager's biological mother
teenager's mother figure
teenager's biological father
teenager's father figure
study teenager

This questionnaire was completed by: (mark all that apply) someone else (please mark and say who):

1
Yes
Other

Please give the date on which you completed this questionnaire:

Generic date

Please give the date of birth of your study teenager:

Date of birth
Thank you VERY much for your help

Space for any additional comment you would like to make

Generic text
When completed, please send this back to: Professor George Davey-Smith Children of the Nineties - ALSPAC
Which of these things, if any, are (i) more or less permanently in her room, (ii) do you have elsewhere in the house, (iii) have you bought in the last 6 months, or (iv) intend to buy in the next 6 months? (You can mark more than one box on each line).
In her room Have in house Bought in last 6 months Intend to buy

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

TV set
Cable/satellite/digital TV
DVD/video
Radio
TV-linked games system (e.g. Xbox, Playstation)
Computer with internet access
Computer without internet access
Mobile phone
Landline phone
Shelf of books (not school books)
Digital camera
None of the above
End

alspac_08_ysd16yo

Your Daughter 16+ Years On
All answers are confidential
This questionnaire is for the study teenager's mother or the person taking the role of the mother.
FILLING IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE
Please use black pen. To answer questions simply put a cross in the box which is most accurate in your opinion,
If you make a mistake, shade the box in then cross the correct box.
If you are answering questions which ask you to give further details, please make sure you write inside the boxes.
If you do not want to answer a question or if it does not apply to you, leave it blank. There are no right or wrong answers. Just tell us what is true for you.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP

Section A: Your Study Teenager

How much time do you usually spend having a conversation with her?
1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day
How much time does your husband/partner or someone else usually spend having a conversation with her? (Mark one box only).
1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day
How much time do you usually spend doing things with her (e.g. playing sports or going out)? (Mark one box only).
1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day
How much time does your husband/partner or someone else usually spend doing things with her (e.g. playing sports or going out)? (Mark one box only).
1
Never
2
Rarely (once a week)
3
Sometimes (several times a week)
4
Often (nearly every day)
5
More than once a day

When she went out during the last year, how often did you know:

-

1 - Always

2 - Usually

3 - Sometimes

4 - Never

What she was doing in her spare time?
Where she was going?
Who she was going out with?
What time she would be home?

How sure are you that she would ask your permission first if she wanted to:

-

1 - Very sure

2 - Fairly sure

3 - Fairly unsure

4 - Very unsure

Stay out late on a weekday evening (after 10pm)?
Stay out late on a weekend evening (after 10pm)?
Go to a disco or club after 10pm at the weekend?
Supposing that she did stay out really late, how sure are you that she would tell you truthfully where she had been?
How often does she tell you about: Things that happen at school/ college/work?
1
Often
2
Sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never
How often does she tell you about: What she has been doing while she's been out?
1
Often
2
Sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never

During the past year, how often have you done each of these things?

-

1 - Often

2 - Sometimes

3 - Hardly ever

4 - Never

Asked her about things that happened at school/college/work
Started a conversation with her about what she was doing in her spare time
Talked with her friends
Talked with the parents of her friends
Does she share her feelings and worries with you?
1
Yes, always
2
Yes, sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never
Do you think she likes to be with you?
1
Yes, always
2
Yes, sometimes
3
Hardly ever
4
Never

Most parents argue with their children. How often do you argue with her about each of these things? (Mark one box on every line).

-

1 - Most days

2 - At least once a week

3 - Less than once a week

4 - Never or hardly ever

How tidy her room is
What she does when she goes out
What time she comes home
Who she hangs about with
About her clothes or appearance
Getting up in the morning
Smoking cigarettes
Drinking alcohol
Taking drugs or smoking cannabis
Doing household chores
Most parents argue with their children. How often do you argue with her about each of these things? Other reason (please mark box and describe below):
1
Most days
2
At least once a week
3
Less than once a week
4
Never or hardly ever
Other
How often do you give up when you ask her to do something and she doesn't do it?
1
Always
2
Usually
3
Sometimes
4
Never

When you disagree about things with her, how often:

-

1 - Always

2 - Usually

3 - Sometimes

4 - Never

Do you discuss it calmly?
Does she listen to your point of view?
Do you listen to her point of view?
Do you just tell her to accept what you say?
How often does she get into a real rage? (Mark one box only).
1
More than once a day
2
Most days
3
At least once a week
4
Less than once a week
5
Never

Why do you think she has these rages?

-

1 - Yes

2 - No

9 - Don't know

Failure to get what she wants
Failure to make herself understood
She feels that no-one understands her
Reaction to being corrected
She rejects everything
Failure to get attention
Feeling that a brother or sister gets preferential treatment
She just doesn't know what she wants
No particular reason
As a negative reaction to someone
Why do you think she has these rages? Other reason (please mark and describe)
1
Yes
2
No
9
Don't know
Other

When she has rages or tantrums how often do you:

-

1 - Always

2 - Often

3 - Sometimes

4 - Never

Ignore it, let her get it out of her system?
Ask her to go to her room?
Try to calm/pacify her?
Try to reason with her?
Threaten her?
Say hurtful things you regret later?
Say hurtful things and mean it?
Ask someone else to intervene?
Slap or hit her?
Try to distract her?
Shout at her?
When she has rages or tantrums how often do you: Something else? (please mark and describe):
1
Always
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Never
Other
Some questions on discipline.
Who has most control over her? (Please mark one box only.)
1
I do
2
My husband/partner does
3
Someone else does (please say who below):
4
No-one does
Other
Who usually tells her off? (Please mark one box only.)
1
I do
2
My husband/partner does
3
Someone else does (please say who below):
4
No-one does
Other
Who usually tries to put sanctions on her if necessary? (Please mark one box only.)
1
I do
2
My husband/partner does
3
Someone else does (please say who below):
4
No-one does
Other

How often do you punish her in these ways?

-

1 - Most days

2 - At least once a week

3 - Less than once a week

4 - Never or hardly ever

Tell her off
'Ground' her or stop her going out
Stop her pocket money
Stop her from seeing friends
Hit or slap her
Tell her to get out of the house, or lock her out
How often do you punish her in these ways? Punish her some other way (please describe below):
1
Most days
2
At least once a week
3
Less than once a week
4
Never or hardly ever
Other
Do you know who her friends are?
1
Yes, some
2
Yes, most or all
3
No
Are her friends:
1
Mostly boys?
2
Mostly girls?
3
Mixture?
9
Don't know
Does she have a 'best friend'?
1
Yes
2
No
9
Don't know
How many evenings a week does she see her friends? (Mark one box only).
0
None
1
One
2
Two
3
Three
4
Four
5
Five
6
Six
7
Seven
Does she have a romantic relationship? (Mark one box only).
1
Yes, with a girl
2
Yes, with a boy
3
No, not yet
How many evenings a week does she see her boy/girl friend?
0
Less than one
1
One
2
Two
3
Three
4
Four
5
Five
6
Six
7
Seven

Section B: Things Your Teenager Does

The next set of questions are about your teenager's intake of alcohol and drugs, and also her smoking and anti-social behaviour. We realise that these may not be relevant or be difficult to answer, but we would be grateful if you can answer as many as possible, even if you feel you don't really know. We would like to understand if there is a difference between what teenagers say they do and what parents (in general) know.

Has she ever been offered: (Mark one box on each line).

-

1 - Yes, and I know about it

2 - Probably

3 - Possibly

4 - I don't think so

9 - Don't know

Alcohol?
Cigarettes?
Cannabis?
Ecstasy?
Other illicit drugs?

Has she ever tried: (Mark one box on each line).

-

1 - Yes, and I know about it

2 - Probably

3 - Possibly

4 - I don't think so

9 - Don't know

Alcohol?
Cigarettes?
Cannabis?
Ecstasy?
Other illicit drugs?

What age was she when she tried them? (Please put 99 if you don't know)

-
Age in years
Alcohol
Cigarettes
Cannabis
Ecstasy
Other illicit drugs

How often in the last year has she: (Mark one box on each line)

-

1 - Not at all

2 - Just once

3 - 2-5 times

4 - 6 or more times

9 - Don't know

Travelled on a bus or train without paying enough money or using someone else's pass?
Written things or sprayed paint on property?
Stolen something from a shop or store?
Sold an illegal drug to someone?
Ridden in a stolen car or van or on a stolen motorbike?
Broken into a car or van to try and steal something out of it?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Ignored them on purpose or left them out of things?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Said nasty things, slagged them off or called them names?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Threatened to hurt them?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Hit, spat or threw stones at them?
Done any of these things to someone she knows: Got other people to do the things listed above in (i) to (iv)?
Broken into a house or building to try and steal something?
Hit, kicked or punched a brother or sister on purpose?
Hit, kicked or punched someone else on purpose with the intention of really hurting them?
Deliberately damaged or destroyed property on purpose?
Sold something that didn't belong to her or that she knew was stolen?
Stolen any money or property that someone was holding, carrying or wearing at the time?
Used force, threats or a weapon to steal money or something else from somebody?
Hit or picked on someone because of their race or skin colour?
Hurt or injured animals or birds on purpose?
Set fire or tried to set fire to something on purpose?
Carried a knife or other weapon for protection or in case it was needed in a fight?
Been rowdy or rude in a public place so that people complained or she got into trouble?
Stolen money or something else from school/college/work?
Stolen money or something else from home?
Has she ever run away from home?
1
Yes
2
No, but has tried to
3
No, but has thought of doing so
4
No, never
9
Don't know

Section C: Your Teenager's Activities and Interests

Now some questions about what she does in her free time. On a day when she does any of the things below, about how long altogether does she usually spend?

-

1 - Under 30 mins

2 - 30 mins - 1 hour

3 - 1-2 hours

4 - 2-4 hours

5 - 4-6 hours

6 - Over 6 hours

7 - Never

Reading a book (not a school/college book)
Reading a comic or magazine
Watching TV on Saturdays
Watching TV on Sundays
Watching TV on a weekday
Watching a DVD/video
Listening to music
Playing a computer or video game
Using a computer for school/college work
Using the internet for nonschool/ college work activities
Talking on the phone
Sending text (SMS) messages

How often does she go to these places in her spare time?

-

1 - At least once a week

2 - At least once a month

3 - Hardly ever or never

Go shopping
Go out for something to eat
Go to the cinema, theatre or concerts
Go to an amusement arcade
Go to watch football or other sports
Go to discos, nightclubs or raves
Does she go to any youth clubs, groups or sports centres in the evening or at weekends?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to C4 on page 18
How often does she usually go out to youth, sports clubs or groups?
1
Most evenings
2
At least once a week
3
Less than once a week
4
Hardly ever or never

What kind of club or group does she go to? (Mark as many boxes as you need to).

-

1 - Yes

A youth club or group
A sports club or sports centre
Keep fit, aerobics or dancing classes
Music club or group
Drama club
What kind of club or group does she go to? (Mark as many boxes as you need to). Another kind of club or group (please state)
1
Yes
Other

If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do?

-

1 - Yes

Tennis
Swimming
Wrestling
Gymnastics
If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do? Martial arts (please state):
1
Yes
Other

If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do?

-

1 - Yes

Football
Boxing (including kickboxing)
Netball
Weight training
Hockey
If she goes to a sports club, which sports does she do? Other (please state)
1
Yes
Other
Are adults in charge of the clubs she goes to?
1
Yes, always
2
Yes, sometimes
3
No
Who in your family knows most about computers and how to use them?
1
Me
2
My partner
3
Study teenager
4
Teenager's brother
5
Teenager's sister
6
No difference
9
Don't know/can't say

For which of the following activities does she use the internet?

-

1 - Often

2 - Occasionally

3 - Rarely

9 - I don't know

Social networking (e.g. Bebo, MySpace, Facebook)
Instant messaging 'Chat' (e.g. MSN)
Watching video (e.g. YouTube)
Researching homework
E-mail using her own e-mail address
E-mail using a family e-mail address
Playing games
Downloading music from commercial sites (e.g. iTunes)
Downloading pirated music (e.g. via LimeWire or BitTorrent)

Which of the following have you ever done to manage her internet use?

-

1 - Not done this

2 - Yes, once

3 - Yes, more than once

Checked her files or folders on a computer for content
Restricted the amount of time she is allowed online
Accessed her e-mail or other account without her knowledge
Accessed her e-mail or other account with her knowledge
Restricted the type of activities she is allowed to use on the internet
Restricted use of a social networking site (e.g. Bebo)
Viewed her profile on a social networking site without her knowledge
Asked for a password to access a computer or folder
Installed filtering software to restrict access to certain types of sites
Installed monitoring software on a computer
Examined browsing history or cache
Monitored her mobile telephone records
Examined the content of her phone (e.g. text messages or photographs) without her knowledge or consent

Section D: Your Teenager's Feelings

Please think how your teenager has been in the past 6 months.
In the past six months: She has been considerate of other people's feelings
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has been restless, overactive, cannot stay still for long
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has often complained of headaches, stomach aches or sickness
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has shared readily with other children and teenagers
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has often had temper tantrums or hot tempers
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is rather solitary, tends to be alone
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is generally obedient, usually does what adults request
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has many worries, often seems worried
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is helpful if someone is hurt, upset or feeling ill
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is constantly fidgeting or squirming
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has at least one good friend
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She often fights or bullies other children or teenagers
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is often unhappy, down-hearted or tearful
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is generally liked by others
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is easily distracted, her concentration wanders
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is nervous or clingy in new situations, easily loses confidence
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is kind to younger children
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She often lies or cheats
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She is picked on or bullied by other teenagers
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She often volunteers to help others (parents, teachers, other teenagers)
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She thinks things out before acting
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She steals from home, school or elsewhere
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She gets on better with adults than with other teenagers
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She has many fears, is easily scared
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
In the past six months: She sees tasks through to the end, has good attention span
1
Not true
2
Somewhat true
3
Certainly true
9
Don't know
These questions are about how your child may have been feeling or acting recently. For each question, please say how much you think she has felt or acted this way in the past two weeks.
In the past 2 weeks: She felt miserable or unhappy
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She didn't enjoy anything at all
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She felt so tired that she just sat around and did nothing
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She was very restless
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She felt she was no good any more
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She cried a lot
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She found it hard to think properly or concentrate
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She hated herself
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She felt she was a bad person
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She felt lonely
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She thought nobody really loved her
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She thought she could never be as good as others
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true
In the past 2 weeks: She felt she did everything wrong
1
True
2
Sometimes true
3
Not true

How much do the following descriptions apply to your study teenager?

-

1 - Not true

2 - Quite or sometimes true

3 - Very or often true

Not aware of other people's feelings
Does not realise when others are upset or angry
Does not notice the effect of her behaviour on other members of the family
Her behaviour often disrupts normal family life
Very demanding of other people's time
Difficult to reason with when upset
Does not seem to understand social skills, e.g. interrupts conversations constantly
Does not pick up on body language
Does not understand how she should behave when she is out, e.g. in shops or other people's houses
Does not realise that she offends people with her behaviour
Does not respond when told to do something
Cannot follow a command unless it is carefully worded
How much do the following descriptions apply to your study teenager? Over the last 6 months: Do you have any other comments or concerns?
1
Yes
2
No
please mark and describe:
Other
Life has many ups and downs. Sometimes people feel very upset. These feelings can be so bad that people may feel suicidal or want to self-harm. We know this is a sensitive subject, but it is important to ask about it now, as it is not uncommon. By finding out about self-harm we can find ways of helping people.
Has your daughter ever hurt herself on purpose in any way that you are aware of (e.g. by taking an overdose of pills, or by cutting herself)?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section E on page 27
How many times has she done this in the last year? Please mark one box only.
1
Once
2
2-5 times
3
6-10 times
4
More than 10 times
When was the last time she hurt herself on purpose? Please mark one box only.
1
In the last week
2
More than a week ago but in the last year
3
More than a year ago

The last time she hurt herself on purpose, which of the actions below best describes what she did? Please mark all boxes that apply.

-

1 - Yes

Swallowed pills or something poisonous
Cut herself
Burnt herself, e.g. with a cigarette
The last time she hurt herself on purpose, which of the actions below best describes what she did? Please mark all boxes that apply. Something else, please say what:
1
Yes
Other

The last time she hurt herself on purpose did she or you on her behalf seek medical help / first aid from any of the following? Please mark all boxes that apply.

-

1 - Yes

GP (family doctor)
Hospital casualty / emergency department
The last time she hurt herself on purpose did she or you on her behalf seek medical help / first aid from any of the following? Please mark all boxes that apply. Other health professional, please say what their job was:
1
Yes
Other
Have you ever tried to get help from someone or somewhere about your daughter hurting herself on purpose?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section E on page 27

Who have you been to for help? Please mark all boxes that apply.

-

1 - Yes

A family member
A friend
A staff member in her school/college/work
A GP (family doctor)
Social services
A telephone help line
which?
Other
Who have you been to for help? Please mark all boxes that apply. Somewhere else (e.g. internet, book, magazine, other person, etc.), please say what or who:
1
Yes
Other
You can get information and advice relating to any of the questions by contacting the organisations below:
www.selfharm.org.uk run by National Children's Bureau
Young Minds Parents information service 0800 018 2138 10-4 Mon to Fri and 6-8 Wed
Parentline Plus Bristol 0117 953 5525

Section E: Your Teenager's Eating Patterns

What is her height at the moment (without shoes)? The best way to measure height is to stand barefoot as straight as possible against a wall, and then ask someone to make a mark on the wall at the highest point on your head, and to measure the distance from the mark to the floor ... feet ... inches ... OR ... metres ... centimetres
Feet
Inches in foot
Metres
9
don't know
Centimetres in Metre
What is her weight at the moment (without shoes)? Please fill in using kilos or stones. stones ... pounds ... OR ... kilos
Stones
Pounds in stone
Kilograms
9
don't know
What was her lowest weight in the last 12 months? Please fill in using kilos or stones. stones ... lbs ... OR ... kilos
Stones
Pounds in stone
Kilograms
9
don't know
What was her highest weight in the last 12 months? Please fill in using kilos or stones. stones ... lbs ... OR ... kilos
Stones
Pounds in stone
Kilograms
9
don't know
At present would you describe her as:
1
Very thin
2
Thin
3
Average
4
Plump
5
Fat
How do you feel she compares this year with previous years?
1
Thinner in previous years
2
About the same
3
A little thinner this year
4
A lot thinner this year
5
Less thin than in previous years
At present would she describe herself as:
1
Very thin
2
Thin
3
Average
4
Plump
5
Fat
Have you or other people (e.g. family, friend, a doctor) been seriously concerned that her weight has been bad for her physical health?
1
Yes
2
No
Is she afraid of gaining weight or getting fat?
1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
4
It really terrifies her
Does she avoid the sorts of food that she thinks will make her fat?
1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
How often does she avoid fattening food?
1
Never
2
Sometimes
3
Most of the time
4
Always
Does she spend a lot of her time thinking about food?
1
Yes
2
No
9
Don't know
Sometimes people say that they have such a strong desire for food, and that this desire is so hard to resist, that it is like what an addict feels about drugs or alcohol. Does this apply to her?
1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
Sometimes people lose control over what they eat, and then they eat a very large amount of food in a short time. Does she ever do this?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to E12 on page 30
Over the last 3 months, how often has this happened?
1
Hasn't happened
2
Occasionally
3
About once a week
4
Two or more times a week
When this happens, does she have a sense of losing control over her eating?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Not sure
Please describe how much she typically eats during one of her episodes of eating too much:
Generic text

Over the last 3 months, has she done any of the following to avoid putting on weight?

-

1 - No

2 - A little

3 - A lot

4 - Tried to but not allowed

9 - Don't know

Ate less at mealtimes
Skipped meals
Went without food for long periods, e.g. all day or most of the day
Hid or threw away food that others gave her
Exercised more
Made herself sick
Over the last 3 months, has she done any of the following to avoid putting on weight? Took pills or medication in order to lose weight: (Please mark & describe what she took)
1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
4
Tried to but not allowed
9
Don't know
Generic text
Over the last 3 months, has she done any of the following to avoid putting on weight? Did other things: (Please mark & describe what she does)
1
No
2
A little
3
A lot
4
Tried to but not allowed
9
Don't know
Other
If she eats too much, does she blame herself a lot?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Never eats too much
Is she upset or distressed about her weight or body shape?
1
No, not at all
2
Yes, a little
3
Yes, quite a lot
4
Yes, a great deal
9
Don't know

How much do you think her eating pattern or concern about weight and body shape has interfered with:

-

1 - Not at all

2 - A little

3 - Quite a lot

4 - A great deal

How well she gets on with you and the rest of the family.
Making and keeping friends.
Learning or class work.
Hobbies, sports or other leisure activities.
If a doctor told her that she needed to put on 5 pounds (2 kilos) for the sake of her health, how would she find this? She may have a physical problem that makes it hard for her to put on weight. Here we are asking if she is willing to try, not whether she can succeed.
1
Easy
2
Difficult
3
Impossible
Has her eating pattern or concern about weight or body shape put a burden on you or the family as a whole?
1
Not at all
2
A little
3
Quite a lot
4
A great deal
Has she ever thought she was fat even when other people said she was very thin?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know
Would she be ashamed if other people knew how much she eats?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know
Has she ever deliberately made herself sick?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know
Do worries about eating really interfere with her life?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know
Does she think her weight has been bad for her physical health?
1
Yes
2
No
If she has started her regular periods, have there been any months when the period didn't happen at all?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Don't know
4
Hasn't started her periods yet
Has she had any periods in the last 3 months?
1
Yes
2
No

Section F: Your Teenager's Health

Has she ever had wheezing or whistling in the chest at any time in the past?
1
Yes
2
No
Has she had wheezing or whistling in the chest in the past 12 months?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F5 below
How many attacks of wheezing has she had in the past 12 months?
1
None
2
1 to 3
3
4 to 12
4
More than 12
In the past 12 months, how often, on average has her sleep been disturbed due to wheezing?
1
Never woken with wheezing
2
Less than one night per week
3
One or more nights per week
In the past 12 months, has the wheezing ever been severe enough to limit her speech to only one or two words at a time between breaths?
1
Yes
2
No
Has she ever had asthma?
1
Yes
2
No
In the past 12 months, has her chest sounded wheezy during or after exercise?
1
Yes
2
No
In the past 12 months, has she had a dry cough at night, apart from a cough associated with a cold or chest infection?
1
Yes
2
No
These questions are about problems which occur when she DOES NOT have a cold or the 'flu.
Has she ever had a problem with sneezing, or a runny or blocked nose when she DID NOT have a cold or the 'flu?
1
Yes
2
No
In the past 12 months, has she had a problem with sneezing, or a runny or blocked nose when she DID NOT have a cold or 'flu?
1
Yes
2
No
In the past 12 months, has this nose problem been accompanied by itchy-watery eyes?
1
Yes
2
No

In which of the past 12 months, did this nose problem occur?

-

1 - Yes

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
In the past 12 months, how much did this nose problem interfere with her daily activities?
1
Not at all
2
A little
3
A moderate amount
4
A lot
Has she ever had hayfever?
1
Yes
2
No
Has she ever had an itchy rash which was coming and going for at least six months?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F11 on page 36.
Has she had this itchy rash at any time in the past 12 months?
1
Yes
2
No

In the past 12 months was the rash: (Mark all that apply).

-

1 - Yes

Confined to the creases of the knees/ankles/elbows or wrists
Covering the trunk
Affecting the face
Has this rash cleared completely at any time during the past 12 months?
1
Yes
2
No
In the past 12 months, how often on average, has she been kept awake at night by this itchy rash?
1
Never in the past 12 months
2
Less than one night per week
3
One or more nights per week
Has she ever had eczema?
1
Yes
2
No
Have there been times in the past year, when she has had a pain in her stomach?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to F13a) on page 37.
How many separate times has this happened in the past year?
1
Once
2
Twice
3
3-4 Times
4
5 or more times
9
Don't know
Did she have vomiting or diarrhoea at the same time as the pain?
1
Yes, every time
2
Yes, for some of the times
3
No, not at all

What do you think were the causes of her stomach pains? (Mark all that apply).

-

1 - Yes

Something she ate
An infection
Constipation
What do you think were the causes of her stomach pains? (Mark all that apply). Other, please describe:
1
Yes
Other
What do you think were the causes of her stomach pains? (Mark all that apply). Don't know
1
Yes
Does she often have aches and pains in her arms or legs?
1
Yes, arm(s)
2
Yes, leg(s)
3
Yes, both
4
No, not often
If no, go to F14 below
Does this happen especially when she is tired?
1
Yes
2
No
Thinking back over the last month, has she been feeling tired or felt she had no energy?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section G on page 39
Do you know why she has been feeling like this?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section G on page 39

What are the main reasons she has been feeling tired or felt she had no energy?

-

1 - Yes

Illness
Problems with sleep
Playing a lot of sport (or other physical exercise)
Stress or worry
What are the main reasons she has been feeling tired or felt she had no energy? Other reason (please give details below):
1
Yes
Other
How long has she been feeling tired or felt she had no energy? (Mark one only).
1
Less than 3 months
2
Between 3 and 5 months
3
Between 6 months and 5 years
4
More than 5 years
Does she feel better after resting?
1
Not at all
2
Only a bit
3
Definitely better
During the last month, has this tiredness or lack of energy stopped her from playing, taking part in hobbies, sport or leisure activities?
1
Not at all
2
Only a little
3
Quite a lot
4
A great deal
During the past year, how many days has she been off school/college/work because of this tiredness or lack of energy? (If none, write 00) ... days
How many
Has she seen a doctor in the past year because of this tiredness or lack of energy?
1
Yes
2
No

Section G: Your Teenager's Future

What are your aspirations for your daughter's future job? Please mark one box to show which best describes the sort of work you would like to see her doing eventually.
1
Higher professional occupations such as: accountant - lawyer - doctor - engineer - solicitor - scientist -academic - managing directors - actuarial - investment bankers
2
Lower professional occupations such as: teacher - nurse - manager - senior administrator (usually responsible for planning, organising and co-ordinating work and for finance)
3
Intermediate / Technical such as: IT specialist - electronic technician - medical technician - clerical officer - legal secretaries
4
Skilled manual workers such as: plumbers - electricians - plasterers - roofers - forestry workers - gardeners - farm hands - hairdressers
5
Small business employers / Self-employed such as: small business owners - farmers - builders - driving instructors - shopkeepers - hairdressers
6
Lower supervisory such as: secretaries - administrative - foreman - bar manager - restaurant manager - retail manager
7
Routine manual and non-manual such as: van driver - cleaner - porter - packer - sewing machinist - shop worker - labourer - waitress - bar staff
What are your expectations for your daughter's future job? Please mark one box to show which best describes the sort of work you think she will end up doing.
1
Higher professional occupations such as: accountant - lawyer - doctor - engineer - solicitor - scientist -academic - managing directors - actuarial - investment bankers
2
Lower professional occupations such as: teacher - nurse - manager - senior administrator (usually responsible for planning, organising and co-ordinating work and for finance)
3
Intermediate / Technical such as: IT specialist - electronic technician - medical technician - clerical officer - legal secretaries
4
Skilled manual workers such as: plumbers - electricians - plasterers - roofers - forestry workers - gardeners - farm hands - hairdressers
5
Small business employers / Self-employed such as: small business owners - farmers - builders - driving instructors - shopkeepers - hairdressers
6
Lower supervisory such as: secretaries - administrative - foreman - bar manager - restaurant manager - retail manager
7
Routine manual and non-manual such as: van driver - cleaner - porter - packer - sewing machinist - shop worker - labourer - waitress - bar staff

Section H: Your Teenager and Money

How much do you give your 16-year old in pocket money/allowance each month? If it varies, please mark the amount you would most often give in a month. If you normally give pocket money weekly, please calculate how much the monthly amount is by multiplying the weekly amount by 4.
1
Nothing
2
Less than £10
3
£10-£29
4
£30-£49
5
£50-£69
6
£70-£89
7
£90-£109
8
£110-£129
9
£130+

What does she do with her pocket money/allowance? Please mark all that apply.

-

1 - Yes

Spends it all immediately
Saves towards big items for herself now (e.g. expensive clothes or games)
Saves in a savings account
Saves towards expected costs of adult life (e.g. educational fees, car, house)

Section I: Your teenager and work

We are interested in whether your daughter works or not, and the type of work she does.
Is she in full-time education?
1
Yes
2
No
Does she ever do any work in a spare-time paid job in term-time (even if it's only for an hour or two now and then)? Please don't include jobs only done during the school holidays or voluntary work.
1
Yes
2
No

Is she currently? (You can mark more than one box).

-

1 - Yes

Unemployed and seeking work
Unemployed through sickness/disability
Doing voluntary work
Working part-time
Working full-time
What is her current job title?
Generic text
When did she start her current job?
Generic date
Please describe the main things she does in this job.
Generic text
Now go to I5 on page 43
In the past, has she had any paid jobs?
1
Yes
2
No
If no, go to Section J on the back page

Please fill in as much information for all of the jobs she has had in the past.

From To Job title and the main things she did
Generic dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric date Generic dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric date Generic dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric dateGeneric textGeneric date
1
2
3

Section J:

This questionnaire was completed by: (mark all that apply)

-

1 - Yes

teenager's biological mother
teenager's mother figure
teenager's biological father
teenager's father figure
study teenager
This questionnaire was completed by: (mark all that apply) someone else (please mark and say who):
1
Yes
Other
Please give the date on which you completed this questionnaire:
Generic date
Please give the date of birth of your study teenager:
Date of birth
Thank you VERY much for your help
Space for any additional comment you would like to make
Generic text
When completed, please send this back to: Professor George Davey-Smith Children of the Nineties - ALSPAC

Which of these things, if any, are (i) more or less permanently in her room, (ii) do you have elsewhere in the house, (iii) have you bought in the last 6 months, or (iv) intend to buy in the next 6 months? (You can mark more than one box on each line).

In her room Have in house Bought in last 6 months Intend to buy

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

1 - Yes

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TV set
Cable/satellite/digital TV
DVD/video
Radio
TV-linked games system (e.g. Xbox, Playstation)
Computer with internet access
Computer without internet access
Mobile phone
Landline phone
Shelf of books (not school books)
Digital camera
None of the above
Name

Your Son/Daughter 16+ Years On